University of Chicago: 1965‑1969: B.A. 6/69, Philosophy
Princeton University: 1969‑1970: History and Philosophy of Science
University of Chicago: 1970‑1974: M.A., 6/71; Ph.D. 6/74, Philosophy
The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace/Stanford University, Post-Doctoral Studies, 1979-1980: International Affairs
Institute of Humane Studies, 1980-1981: International Affairs
SCHOLARSHIPS & FELLOWSHIPS
University of Chicago Scholarship Gift (1965‑1969); Phi Beta Kappa (1965 and 1969); Nu Pi Sigma Honorary Society (1968); Woodrow Wilson Fellow (1969); Danforth Fellow (1969‑1974).
Also awarded: Harvard Graduate Prize Fellowship, N.D.E.A. Title IV Fellowship, Ford Foundation Fellowship, Princeton University Fellowship, offered for graduate work, 1969.
Emory University Research Grant, Summer 1978.
Earhart Foundation Fellowship, 1979-80, 1991-92; 2006-07.
Institute of Humane Studies Fellowship, 1980-81.
Bradley Foundation grant for the Alexander Hamilton Institute's Washington Program on National Security: Summers 2016 - 2019.
PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS (past and present)
Board of Directors, Information Professionals Association.
International Board of Advisors, Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs.
Board of Directors, Public Media Fund.
Board of Advisors, Swat Relief Initiative.
Board of Directors, Institute for Human Rights, Auschwitz, Poland.
Board of Directors, Center for Assistance to NGOs, Bucharest, Romania.
Board of Directors, Center for Participatory Democracy, Chisinau, Moldova.
Advisory Board, Democracy at Large magazine, published by IFES.
Editorial board, AGORA, Foreign Policy Research Institute.
Board of Directors, Committee for a Peaceful Transition to Democracy.
Evaluator, Radio Free Europe (on Romania), Board for International Broadcasting.
Working Group on Romania, Atlantic Council.
Consultant on Eastern Europe, National Geographic Magazine.
International Advisory Board, B'nai B'rith.
Selection Committee, Bradley Visiting Scholars, Acton Institute for the Study of Religion andLiberty.
Selection Committee, Contemporary Issues Fellowships for Eurasian Students, and Selection Committee, Individual Advanced Research Opportunities to Eurasia for U.S. Scholars, IREX (International Research and Exchanges Board).
Selection Panel, Center for the Study of the Presidency.
Honorary Membership, Association of Election Officials, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Full member, Council on Foreign Relations.